Introduction To IP Addressing And Networking
A network can be explained as the interconnection of autonomous computer systems linked together to assist in communication while networking is the simple concept of linked computers. Colocation
Networks and networking have grown significantly over the last 15years; they have evolved at light speed simply to keep up with huge boosts in basic critical end user needs such as posting data and printers, as well as more advanced demands such as online video conferencing.
TYPES OF SITES
LOCAL AREA NETWORK (LAN)
A LAN (Local Region Network) is a grouping of computer systems and network devices linked together, usually within the same building. A nearby Region Network (LAN) is a high-speed communication system designed to link computers and other data processing devices together within a tiny physical area, such as a workgroup, department, or building. Local Area Networks put into practice shared access technology. This kind of means that all the devices attached to the LAN share a sole communications medium, usually a coaxial, twisted pair or fibre optic cable.
CITY AREA NETWORK (MAN)
City area networks or Guys are large computer systems usually spanning a town or a town. That they typically use wireless facilities or optical fibre contacts to link their sites.
The IEEE 802-2001 standard describes a MAN as being: “A MAN is optimized for a greater geographical area than is a LAN, which range from several blocks of buildings to entire cities. MANs can also rely upon communications stations of moderate to high data rates. A PERSON might be owned and managed by a single business, but it usually will be employed by many individuals and organizations. MANs might also be owned and operated as public programs. They will often provide means for internetworking of local networks. Metropolitan area networks can span up to 50km. ”
EXTENSIVE AREA NETWORK (WAN)
Extensive Area Network (WAN) is your computer network that protects an extensive area. A WAN in compares to a MAN, is not constrained to a geographical location, though it might be constrained to a geographical locations, it might end up being limited within the bounds of a state or country. A WAN connects several LANs, and may be restricted to an business (a corporation or organization) or accessible to the public.
The technology is high speed and relatively expensive. The INTERNET is among the a worldwide general public WAN.
Routers are being used to hook up networks together and course packets of information from one network to another. Routers, by default break in the action up a broadcast domain name, which is the set in place of all devices on the network segment that listen to all broadcasts sent on that segment.
Routers also break up collision domain names. This can be an Ethernet term used to describe a network scenario where the device sends a supply on a network part, forcing every other device on that segment to pay attention to it. Simultaneously, a different device tries to transmit, leading to a collision, and after that both devices must retransmit one at a time.